王干:优秀作家要超越生活,要有崇高感和力量感

2018-12-06 消息来源:CCTSS     原作者:罗雨静

  编者按


  近年来,中国文化“走出去”的影响力不断扩大,在全球文化多元化发展日益兴盛的背景下,中国文化译研网(CCTSS)联合中国作家协会《小说选刊》杂志社,启动“新世纪中国当代作家、作品海外传播数据库”项目,将100位中国当代优秀作家的简介、代表作品以及展示作家风采的短视频翻译为10种语言,集结成1000张中国作家名片向全球推介。千张“作家名片”将鲜明地向世界宣告:我是中国作家,我在进行中国创作。


  此种形式和规模是中国故事走向世界的一大创新,会让世界更加全面、客观、公正地了解中国优秀作家作品,同时也是打通中国文化走向世界的“最后一公里”。


  王干,男,1960年8月生于江苏茅山。著名评论家、作家、书法家。现任中国作家协会《小说选刊》杂志副主编、中国书法篆刻研究所教授、中国文艺理论学会理事。1979年,王干开始在《雨花》发表小说,自此走上文学创作、文学评论的道路。九十年代,作为编辑家的王干所倡导的“新写实小说”引领了当时文坛的潮流,演绎了华彩乐章。王干著有《王干随笔选》《王蒙王干对话录》《世纪末的突围》《废墟之花》《南方的文体》《静夜思》《潜京十年》《在场》《王干随笔选》《王干最新文论选》《隔行通气》等学术专著、评论集、散文集。其中《王干随笔选》获第五届鲁迅文学奖,作品被译为英、法、西等国文字。


  在当代文坛,王干呈现出“充满了新锐和前卫精神、挺立潮头”的文学姿态。在文学上,王干分别受到冲淡内敛的汪曾祺与性情奔放的王蒙的重要影响,无论是散文写作还是文学评论,他都采用了一种“生活化”的文笔,这种来源于生活、清新自然的风格与他鲜明的文学立场交相辉映,形成了王干独特的写作样貌。他的散文洞察社会、感悟人生、审视文化、解读历史,以学者深邃睿智的智性思考与作家独具慧眼的人生感悟,凝结成优美篇章,用文学的力量温润世道人心。


  《王蒙王干对话录》载录了作家王蒙与王干在1988年底至1989年初进行的对话。他们就文学创作中的诸多种主义,就文学与社会、文学与文化、文学与宗教等各种关系,就创作与批评的联系,进行了比较系统与深入的探讨。因为是“对话”,故而时时闪烁着智慧与灵性的光芒。同时他们提倡真诚、友善的对话,而不是断章取义、以偏概全的“批评”。获得鲁迅文学奖的《王干随笔选》一书精选了王干多年来写作的随笔五十余篇,涉及到历史、文化、地理、时尚等领域,涉及到所有传统的艺术及最流行的文化符号。王干以灵动的笔墨、犀利的笔触,对当下文化的诸多问题进行思考,具有较强的知识性、趣味性。散文集《潜京十年》从七个方面讲述了王干作为一个文化观察者来到北京,潜伏下来,记录了他身处的北京,笔涉文学、艺术、时尚、足球等各个领域。其中谈及鱼的“起居”、鱼如何作为“看客”、鱼的“坛子”、作为“球迷”的鱼、鱼如何“怀乡”、鱼的“他乡”观、鱼与鱼的“互文”等篇什,暗喻着王干将自己与北京的关系视同鱼与水的关系。其文文风活泼、下笔犀利,微观而不失广博,更显意蕴丰满。


  2018年1月,王干驰骋文坛近四十年的思想成果《王干文集》(十一卷本)由作家出版社出版。


  微信图片_20181206090251.jpg


  王干


  Wang Gan


  Wang Gan, born in August 1960 in Maoshan, Jiangsu Province, is a famous critic, writer and calligrapher. He is currently the deputy editor of the Fiction Selection magazine of the China Writers Association, professor of the Chinese Calligraphy and Sealing Institute, and director of the Chinese Academy of Literary Theory. In 1979, Wang Gan began to publish novels in the Yuhua publication, and since then embarked on the road of literary creation and literary criticism. In the 1990s, the “new realism novel”, advocated by Wang Gan, an editorialist, led the trends of the literary world at that time and interpreted the cadenza movement. Wang Gan has written Wang Gan’s Essays, Wang Meng and Wang Gan Dialogue, The End of the Century Sortie, The Flower of the Ruins, The Southern Literary Style, Silent Night, The Decade of Qianjing, Present, Wang Gan’s Selected Essays, Wang Gan’s Latest Literary Theories, Connected Professions and other academic monographs, commentaries, and essays. Among them, Wang Gan’s Essays won the 5th Lu Xun Literature Prize, and his works have been translated into English, French, and other Western languages.


  In the contemporary literary world, Wang Gan presents a literary stance that is full of new and avant-garde spirit and stands at the forefront of the discipline. Wang Gan’s literature was critically influenced by Wang Zengqi, whose work was dilute and introverted, and Wang Meng, whose work was unrestrained. In both prose writing and literary criticism, he uses a kind of “lifestyle” writing. This writing, which comes from life and is fresh and natural, complements his distinctive literary stance and forms the unique writing style of Wang Gan. His prose provides insight into society, realizations about life, examinations of culture, and interpretations of history. With the deeply wise and intelligent thinking of a scholar and the insightful realizations about life of a writer, his prose is condensed into beautiful chapters and the power of literature is used to warm the hearts of the people.


  Wang Meng and Wang Gan Dialogue contains a record of the dialogue that took place between the writers Wang Meng and Wang Gan from the end of 1988 to the beginning of 1989. They had systematic and in-depth discussions on various kinds of theories and relationships, including those between literature and society, literature and culture, literature and religion etc and the connection between creation and criticism. Because it is a “dialogue”, there are always flashes of wisdom and wit. At the same time, they advocate a sincere and friendly dialogue, rather than a “criticism” that takes things out of context and makes conclusions based on isolated events. The book Wang Gan’s Essays, which won the Lu Xun Literature Prize, features more than 50 selected essays written by Wang Gan over a number of years, covering history, culture, geography, fashion and other fields, involving all traditional arts and the most popular cultural symbols.


  With a smart brush and sharp strokes, Wang Gan thinks about many issues in the current culture and has a strong knowledge and interest. The essay collection A Decade in Beijing tells from seven aspects that Wang Gan came to Beijing as a cultural observer and hid to record his life there, touching on literature, art, fashion, football and other fields. He talks about the “homes” of fish, how fish are used as “watchers”, the “tanks” of fish, the fish as “football fans”, how fish get “homesick”, the fish’s view of the concept of “home”, and the “intertextuality” between different types of fish. It is a metaphor depicting Wang Gan’s relationship with Beijing as a relationship between fish and water. His style is lively, sharp, and microscopic without losing sight of the big picture and has rich implied meaning.


  In January 2018, Wang Gan’s thoughts after working in the literary world for nearly forty years were published in Wang Gan’s Anthology (11 volumes) by the Writers’ Publishing House.


责任编辑:王爽

最新要闻